Specifics of the Algorithmic Prescriptions in the Learning Process of the Gymnastics Exercises’ Techniques

  • Victor BUFTEA Dunarea de Jos University of Galati, Romania
Keywords: gymnastics, training, exercise, algorithmic prescriptions


The technology of training gymnastic exercises demonstrates a series of groupings of the most rational and optimal methods; however, the algorithmic type prescriptions are considered the closest to the effective achievement of the theoretical-methodological and practical objectives (in order to acquire the technique of gymnastic exercises with an increased degree of difficulty). Thus, the specificity of algorithmic prescriptions implies a set of programmed actions, which from a structural and functional point of view, are organized and carried out according to a specified manner of going through and respecting some normative principles and laws in order to achieve a concrete task. The programmed actions of the algorithmic type are used procedurally, providing conditioning and mutual influences in approaching the subject of study, determining, at the same time, their integrative aspect. Namely, the sequence of the planned actions makes up the scheme of the program, carried out in a logical order, scientifically based and strictly established. Based on the algorithmization follows the execution or the methodical application of the program and its evaluation, focused on the reverse connection.

Obviously, algorithmic prescriptions condition the development of a strictly determined scheme and the uninterrupted performance of various motor actions. At the same time, they impose the order of value of the development of the obtained components, orient to the rationality of the selection of the most effective means regarding their acquisition, lead to the urgent correction and to the determination of the exact ways to intervene on the removal of the mistakes that have appeared, the precise assessment of the point from where the resumption of the movement begins.

When dividing a whole into constituent parts, it is necessary that they be classified or arranged according to their common characteristics, such as the movement of certain segments in the same direction, with the same mode of symmetry, speed, amplitude, the increasing order of the degree of difficulty, etc., which allow the identity of the phases and their positive transfer by extrapolation on other actions and, obviously, which does not contradict the physiological and psychological-pedagogical mechanisms of motor skills formation. Following the reverse connection, the training of the exercises, according to the algorithmic prescriptions, allows the establishment of an adequate system, which offers the possibility of obtaining efficiencies both in time and in the quality of learning the technique of gymnastics exercises.